NS Series Super SPO

for grow-outs

NS Series ER-49

for pond preparation

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What are Bacteria






N S   S E R I E S

 Mega SPO   


Thiobacillus denitrificans


Paraccocus denitrificans


High Density

Prawn & Fish Culture




Basic Info


One-celled organisms visible only through a microscope. Bacteria live all around us and within us. The air is filled with bacteria, and they have even entered outer space in spacecraft. Bacteria live in the deepest parts of the ocean and deep within Earth. They are in the soil, in our food, and on plants and animals. Even our bodies are home to many different kinds of bacteria. 

Certain bacteria produce antibiotics such as streptomycin. Others live symbiotically in the guts of animals (including humans) or on the roots of certain plants, converting nitrogen into a usable form. Bacteria have a wide range of environmental and nutritive requirements and may classified into one of three groups based on their response to gaseous oxygen. Aerobic bacteria thrive in the presence of oxygen and require it for their continued growth and existence. Anaerobic bacteria cannot tolerate gaseous oxygen, such as those which live in deep underwater sediments, or those which cause food poisoning. The third group are the facultative anaerobes, which can live either in the presence of oxygen or without oxygen.

Bacteria are also classified by the mode with which they obtain energy. Classified by the source of their energy, bacteria fall into two categories: heterotrophs and autotrophs. Heterotrophs derive energy from breaking down complex organic compounds that they must take in from the environment  The other group, the autotrophs, fix carbon dioxide to make their own food source; this may be fueled by light energy (photoautotrophic), or by oxidation of nitrogen, sulfur, or other elements (chemoautotrophic). these are common and quite diverse. The sulfur bacteria (photoautotroph) are particularly interesting, since they use hydrogen sulfide as hydrogen donor, instead of water like most organisms. 

Both land and water ecosystems depend upon the activity of bacteria. The cycling of nutrients such as carbon, nitrogen, and sulfur is completed by their ceaseless labor. Decomposition, is the breakdown of these organisms, and the release of nutrients back into the environment, and is one of the most important roles of the bacteria. 

Bacteria also play an important role in the nitrogen cycle. Plants rely on nitrogen from the soil and cannot acquire it from the gaseous nitrogen in the atmosphere. The primary way in which nitrogen becomes available to them is through nitrogen fixation by bacteria. These bacteria convert gaseous nitrogen into nitrates or nitrites as part of their metabolism, and the resulting products are released into the environment. Other denitrifying bacteria metabolize in the reverse direction, turning nitrates into nitrogen gas or nitrous oxide and they may deplete the soil nutrients. 

The way in which bacteria cell wall retain dye is also one method of identifying and classifying them. Bacteria that retain a purple color when stained with a dye known as crystal violet, and are known as Gram-positive.  Other bacteria have double cell walls, with a thin inner wall and an outer wall of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids. Such bacteria do not stain purple with crystal violet and are known as Gram-negative.



The NS Series Cultures are microbial strains of naturally occurring microorganisms that are 1,000 times more active than those found in nature. It is therefore important to take cognizance of the fact that colonies of bacteria are literally factories for the production of enzymes. The enzymes which are manufactured by the bacteria will be appropriate to the substrate in which the enzymes will be working and so you have infinite, automatic production of the right enzyme for the biological reduction of any waste material, providing you have the right bacteria to start with.

The microorganisms in NS Series included are : 


    Bacillus subtilis

    Bacillus lichenformis

    Bacillus polymyxa

    Bacillus megaterium

    Bacillus cereus

    Aspergillus oryzae

    Aspergillus niger


B. subtilis

B. megaterium


B. pumilus

B. cereus


B. licheniformis



These are specific strains that the Consumer and Marketing Service, United States Department of Agriculture has authorized for use in federally inspected establishments, including meat and poultry plants. Products are reported in compliance with the U.S. TSCA. None of the NS Series products of this type contain highly basic or caustic chemicals and are thus considered essentially non-hazardous.  Even though NS Series products are intended for aquaculture and industrial use only, some of the component enzymes and microbial cultures contained in these products are actually considered GRAS or 'Generally Recognized As Safe' products.

Definitely, the microorganisms in NS Series products for aquaculture and wastewater treatment are beneficial for their approved uses and are certainly not pathogenic nor should they be considered etiological agents.

Secondly and most important, there is the fact that these enzyme-culture products have a capability as a microbial seed which allows the bacteria contained in such products to multiply and proliferate within a waste treatment system. As these specific microorganisms in NS Series multiply, they continue to produce more active enzymes, thus magnifying and compounding the original product's effectiveness in preventing occlusions, attacking organic impediments and degrading organic wastes.

Bacteria are of such immense importance because of their extreme flexibility, capacity for rapid growth and reproduction. Our lives are closely intertwined with theirs, and the health of our planet depends very much on their activities.







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